DNA Data Storage
DNA Data Storage
Overview of DNA Data Storage
DNA data storage is a cutting-edge technology that utilizes the unique properties of DNA to store large amounts of data in a small physical space. It is achieved by encoding digital data into DNA sequences, which can then be synthesized and physically stored in a DNA sample. This technology has the potential to revolutionize data storage in computing, particularly in the field of artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning, where large data sets are commonly used.
One of the most significant advantages of DNA data storage is its extremely high storage density. As Scientific American states, “A single gram of DNA can store about 700 terabytes of data, or the equivalent of about 20 million four-drawer file cabinets filled with text.” Additionally, DNA data storage has an extremely long lifespan, with some estimates suggesting that DNA-encoded data can remain intact for thousands of years.
Writing and Reading DNA Data
To write DNA data storage, digital data is first encoded into DNA sequences using a process called DNA sequencing. The resulting DNA sequences are then synthesized using a process called PCR (polymerase chain reaction) and physically stored in a DNA sample. This can be done using a variety of different storage mediums, including solutions, gels, or beads.
Reading DNA data storage is done using a process called DNA sequencing, which involves reading the base sequences of the DNA. Scientific American states that “the process of reading DNA is also well established, thanks to the human genome project and other large-scale sequencing efforts.” The read DNA sequences are then decoded to retrieve the original digital data.
Who is Using DNA Storage
DNA data storage is currently being used in a variety of research studies and experimental applications. According to Scientific American, “researchers at Harvard University recently encoded a full computer operating system, a movie and a $50 Amazon gift card in DNA and were able to successfully retrieve the data from the DNA”. Additionally, Microsoft and the University of Washington have been working on a project to store data in DNA molecules, and DNA Script, a company that develops tools for DNA synthesis, has been working on a similar project.
There are several companies and universities on the forefront of DNA data storage, including:
- Harvard University, whose Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering has been working on DNA data storage since 2012 and has made several important breakthroughs in the field.
- Microsoft and the University of Washington, who have been working on a project to store data in DNA molecules.
- DNA Script, a company that develops tools for DNA synthesis and has been working on DNA data storage project.
DNA Data Storage Methodology
In terms of technique or methodology, Harvard University has been using a process called DNA fountain to encode digital data into DNA sequences, which is a highly efficient method for DNA data storage. Microsoft and the University of Washington have been using a process called DNAstrand storage which involves encoding data into the order of nucleotides in DNA. DNA Script has been working on a technology called Directed Evolution for Synthetic Biology which can enable the design and optimization of DNA sequences for specific functions such as data storage.
Equipment to Produce DNA Storage
To write DNA data storage, several pieces of equipment are typically required. These include:
- DNA Sequencing instrument: This is used to encode digital data into DNA sequences. There are several DNA sequencing instruments available, including Sanger sequencing, Illumina sequencing, and PacBio sequencing.
- PCR Machine: This is used to synthesize the DNA sequences encoded with digital data. PCR machines are commonly used in molecular biology labs to amplify DNA sequences.
- Synthesis Reagents: These are used to create the DNA sequences that will be used for storage.
- Storage Medium: This is used to physically store the synthesized DNA sequences. This can include solutions, gels, or beads.
To read DNA data storage, several pieces of equipment are also required. These include:
- DNA Sequencing Instrument: This is used to read the base sequences of the DNA and decode the digital data.
- Data Decoding Software: This is used to translate the DNA sequences into the original digital data.
- DNA Extraction Kit: This is used to extract the DNA from the storage medium.
It’s worth noting that the cost and technical requirements for these equipment and reagents can vary significantly depending on the specific technique or methodology used. Additionally, the cost of the equipment and reagents are still relatively high and this technology is not yet fully developed to be used in commercial scale. But, as the technology and research advance, the cost and technical requirements for this technology will decrease.
to wrap up, DNA data storage is a cutting-edge technology that has the potential to revolutionize data storage in computing, particularly in the field of AI and machine learning. With its extremely high storage density and long lifespan, DNA data storage could become a key technology for data storage in the future. There are several companies and universities on the forefront of DNA data storage, including Harvard University, Microsoft and the University of Washington, and DNA Script. These organizations are utilizing various technique and methodology such as DNA fountain, DNAstrand storage and Directed Evolution for Synthetic Biology.
This page has been archived.
© Getz Pro ALL RIGHTS RESERVED
The use of this solution, concept, story, intellectual property is prohibited without express written permission.
Will we start seeing website leverage vector embeddings for AI?How ai will change the web Not as weird as it may seem. We currently use keywords to tell the search engine what the page is about, and we use structured data markup or schemas to help search engines index...
Off-Road GPT TechOff-Road Mapping Software and Hardware: A Hunter's Review When it comes to hunting, being able to navigate through the wilderness is just as important as having the right gear. In the past, hunters would rely on traditional maps and compass to find...
Laser Engraving TechnologyWhat is Laser Engraving? Laser engraving is a versatile and precise technique that allows you to create intricate designs on a wide range of materials. From wood and metal to glass and plastic, laser engraving can be used to create unique...
3D-Printer - 2023 Addition3D printing, also known as additive manufacturing, is a process of creating three-dimensional objects by laying down successive layers of material. It has come a long way since its inception in the 1980s and has now become a mainstream...
AI Threat - 2023 AdditionThis is a follow up on my AI Threat to Humanity post I did back in 2018. I thought 2023 would be a good time to review where we are at as so much increase in AI capability has taken place. This time, I asked ChatGPT to tell me what the threats...
AI Pedagogy - Teaching the FutureThe way we learn and teach skills is changing because to artificial intelligence (AI). It is now a reality that is being incorporated into classrooms and internet platforms, rather than a futuristic idea. By delivering tailored...
ChatGPT vs BERTAnother question to ChatGPT about how it compares to BERT, which is Google's language AI but using a different approach. Unfortunately, BERT isn't available to the general public like ChatGPT is so we won't get to play around with it as such. I asked a...
Conversational Generative Pre-training Transformer (ChatGPT)I asked ChatGPT to tell me about itself and here is what it had to say. I'll add some commentary and update with some more in-depth questioning. What is ChatGPT? Hello there! I'm ChatGPT, an AI language model...
CPU Architecture Moving Away from CISC & RISC Apple is taking RISC architecture to higher and higher performances not even thought capable of RISC prior to the iPhone. It is now competing with desktop class systems. And now I just read where Nvidia is getting into...
Gaming Water Cooled Case LTT After watching this Linus Tech Tip video I thought, what if we designed two phone cases that could provide cooling for your phone. One is air cooled and the other water cooled. Both phone cases would contain a battery pack to power the...
Ready to Start a Project?
© 2021 Getz Pro ALL RIGHTS RESERVED
Every good gift and every perfect gift is from above, and comes down from the Father of lights, with whom there is no variation or shadow of turning.